Germany has drawn up a « tentative » plan for the new immigration law to fill its massive shortage of qualified workers, but what will be the consequence of the proposed law? And what is different from immigration laws in other countries?
The German government is preparing to enact a new immigration law, which aims to bring more qualified and trained workers to Germany, but apparently, this law based on the « points » system is offset, knowing that it is the system in place in other countries, and means « points » Certain while applying for a visa, according to each person’s skills, which gives priority to people over others at the expense of their points, according to criteria determined by law.
The new « key points » paper, according to experts, recognizes that the low unemployment rates and the high percentage of elderly people in Germany made companies struggle to get qualified people to work in some jobs, and that creating more job opportunities for other EU citizens, could not To fill this deficiency, Germany must resort to attracting « specialized and qualified workers from third countries », that is, countries outside the European Union.
The paper prepared by the Ministry of the Interior and approved by many of its points by the ministries of Labor and Economy, will be submitted to the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel on August 29, while the paper presented will indicate that the German Ministry of the Interior, headed by Minister Horst Seehofer, leader of the conservative Christian Party CSU insists that immigration not be integrated into Germany’s social security system.
« Point System » is not really « Point System »!
The paper submitted by the government does not define the new immigration system as a « point-based system », as is the case in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and others, the new law will accept immigrants according to the level of their education or the amounts they own, or their mastery of the German language and current job offers and other factors, so if If they meet a certain threshold for entry, they are accepted into the country.
The Social Democratic Party (SPD) had previously proposed a points system in 2016, as had other preferred center-left parties in Germany, and the points in the new document indicate that people will be chosen according to criteria that will make the new law an effective « points system ».
But in the opinion of OECD researcher Thomas Liebig, « The devil is in the details, » and he says, « I have some questions about how these standards are applied, I am not sure how they will have different criteria without a clear score calculation, so if you want to Swapping different criteria, you need a « points system », one way or another, this is the mechanism on which points systems work.
Germany lacks skilled builders and nurses
The current German immigration law is the easiest immigration law in the world especially for those with a higher education level, it is easy to « move from Canada to Germany for example » says Liebig, and continues « according to the current law, it is sufficient to have good educational qualifications, and offer only work, You don’t even need to speak German. «
Also, German law grants a visa to those who have great educational qualifications, even without obtaining a job offer, as it gives them the so-called « job search visa », and they can enter the country without an actual job, but what Germany lacks is the facilities for those called « people with Mid-level qualifications « , such as nurses, caregivers, kindergarten assistants, and craftsmen such as electricians or carpenters, i.e. each job requires a professional rather than a scientific qualification, and these jobs constitute approximately » 60 percent of the German job market’s need, « according to Liebig.
The inability to bring such experiences from different countries, or the lack of recognition of the presence of experience among people coming from some countries, has formed an « obstacle » in obtaining qualified people in some sectors, so the new paper presented by the government is a way to bridge this gap and » The key to success is to create integration in the job market in Germany. «
But what remains unclear in the paper is what are the other required conditions: What level of German language should a potential immigrant have? Should there be a job offer by a German company, and what jobs will be considered exactly as intermediate skills?
It seems that the German government is currently considering creating a « job search visa » for middle-skilled jobs, and this type of visa has proven effective in Denmark, but this step has not been tried in Germany before, and this will depend on whether German employers Willing to take a risk and hire people with a « job search visa ».
According to Liebig, « This will be a big question, » noting that « many German companies are reluctant to employ people from abroad. We asked German employers, (Are you interested in employing people from abroad?) And the answer was: There is no way of that. »
« At the moment, they seem to be offering a two-fold law: There are people who come, search for a job, and then recognize them if they find a job, » the researcher at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) added.
France recently tightened its immigration law to facilitate the attraction of people with a higher education level or exceptional skills, and part of the new law aims to reduce bureaucracy. In the case of France, this law applies in particular to executives of multinational companies who earn more than 5,000 euros per month, Scientists, entertainment industry, seasonal workers, and regulated occupations, while Sweden pursues a more liberal policy, “You can come as a basis for any job.” From this France is completely closed, Sweden is open, and Germany is somewhere in between !